History and Vineyard
The Sancerre vineyards were already well-known by the 12th century for their red wine (Pinot Noir).
Augustinian monks from the local abbey of St. Satur and the counts of Sancerre both made their contributions. Located in the Loire Valley, the river played an important role in the development of the wine trade. The scourge of phylloxera virtually destroyed the vineyards at the end of the 19th century, but cleared the way for a total reconstruction of the vineyards. It was then that the Sauvignon Blanc grape (for white wine) – beautifully adapted to the Sancerre terroir and climate – was selected for replanting the famous slopes. Perched high on its hilltop between the Loire River and the plateau of the Berry province, Sancerre dominates the rolling vineyard landscape and wild valley of the upper Loire.
The 'Tour des Fiefs', vestige of Sancerre’s feudal past, this imposing stone tower dates from the 14th century and was a part of the original château. The 16th century belfry located next to the Notre Dame church and its magnificent stained glass windows and pipe organ.
A walking tour of Sancerre enchants you with its narrow winding streets, picturesque half-timbered houses and sweeping views of the vines and Loire below.
The Sancerre appellation was recognized in the first AOC decree in 1936 and Sancerre Red an Rosé wines were in their turn classified in 1959. Today, there are 2500 hectares of Sancerre vineyards, 80% of which is devoted to Sauvignon Blanc for white wines, and 20% to Pinot Noir for red and rosé wines.
Different soil types delineated by a geological fault :
|"les terres blanches"
Kimmeridgean marl limestone clay
pebbly limestone soil
|"les terres argilo-siliceuses"